In Narrative Economics, Robert Shiller uses the word "consilience" to describe the unity of knowledge among disparate academic disciplines, particularly the sciences and the humanities. This is a metaphor from biology; biologist E. O. Wilson used the term for his concept of synthesizing knowledge from disparate fields.
- Ideas are constellations - Ideas are constellations of disparate insights that gradually begin to take on a new form
- Ideas are networks - Ideas are produced when insights are connected with one another
- Innovation thrives in open environments - Open environments that promote the free exchange of ideas are more conducive to innovation than rigidly structured ones
- Cognitive diversity enhances team problem solving capabilities - Diverse perspectives enhance a team's sense of what is salient, creating more opportunities for creative solutions to problems
Wilson, E. O. Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. New York: Alfred Knopf, 2014.