Metaphor and metonymy are each distinct processes. Where metaphor describes one thing in terms of another, metonymy allows one thing to stand in for another. Metonmy also facilitates understanding, while allowing us to focus on specific aspects of what's being referred to.
- Metaphors structure our interpretation of the world
- Metaphors create coherent systems of meaning
- Structural metaphors reveal and conceal different aspects of experience
- Orientational metaphors organize concepts relationally
[[Lakoff and Johnson - Metaphors We Live By|Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press, 2008.]]